SYRIA IS A COUNTRY OF THE ARAB SPRING

 

In December of the year 2010 the wave of social unrests, protests and anti-government actions befell upon the Arab world. The Arab spring dawned in Tunisia, then it proceeded to Egypt, Libya, Yemen, Bahrain and it attained the height in Syria. If we look at the map, the countries enveloped by protests form the Arab crescent on the southern seaboard of the Mediterranean. The people that lived three or four decades during the governing of one strong authoritative leader, that were satisfied with a situation in the country for years, suddenly remembered that their leaders stayed too long on the thrones and it is time them to go into retirement.

The western breeze from the Atlantic coast brought to the Islamic countries the fragrance of democracy and human rights. The radical Islamists intoxicated by democratic ideals decided that they just do not have enough Democracy for happiness. So they started to create the democracy in the Islamic way.

The results of the Arab spring are paradoxical and disastrous. The most striking examples are Tunisia, Egypt, Libya.

Tunisia. The Tunisian were living peacefully for years earning for living not badly with tourism. And suddenly they decided that something is going the wrong way. The Tunisian Revolution began in December 2010  and led to the ousting of longtime President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in January 2011. The result was the process of democratization of the country though free and democratic elections that radical islamists the Society of the Muslim Brothers won. But people are not satisfied. They wanted the Democracy but not radical Islamism.

Egypt. The state of affairs in this country is more comical. Somewhen loyal to the West undemocratic Hosni Mubarak was replaced by radical but very democratic member of the Society of the Muslim Brothers Mohamed Morsi. Having come to power Mr Morsi decided to democratize Egyptian political system and adopted the constitutional declaration that bound hand and foot of court system and the other branches of government but increased powers of the president. The Egyptian turned out to have struggled against one Pharaoh and elected another.

Libya. Words fail to express all the irony of the situation. Libya under Muammar Gaddafi was like Switzerland of Africa. The country had a perfect system of social protection, people didn’t pay household costs, petrol was cheaper than water etc. But western experts as Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton and Nicolas Sarkozy decided that the Libyan were oppressed and were been destroying by Gaddafi regime. People need democracy and freedom, freedom to die under NATO’s fire and live in chaos. The West and Saudi Arabia paid to the mercenaries prepared by forces of Al-Qaeda and Saudi Arabia, gave the world community creeps by deceitful, hypocritical statements and TV- reels, roused Libyan youth having promised  them a better life, fired civilians with NATO planes, killed Kadaffi having publicly profaned a body of the dead and having broken all Islamic canons, seeded chaos and now the country is on the verge of disintegration, but they have democracy.

Now it is a turn of Syria.  The Syrian civil war is an ongoing armed conflict in Syria between forces loyal to the Ba'ath Party government and those seeking to oust it. The conflict began on 15 March 2011 with nationwide demonstrations as part of the wider protest movement known as the Arab Spring. Protesters demanded the resignation of President Bashar al-Assad, as well as the end to nearly five decades of Ba'ath Party rule.

In April 2011, the Syrian Army was deployed to quell the uprising, and soldiers were ordered to open fire on civilians in demonstrations accused of harbouring armed activists. After months of military sieges, the protests evolved into an armed rebellion. Opposition forces, mainly composed of defected soldiers and civilian volunteers, became increasingly armed and organized as they unified into larger groups, with some groups receiving military aid from several foreign countries. However, the rebels remained fractured, without organized leadership. The Syrian government characterizes the insurgency as an uprising of "armed terrorist groups and foreign mercenaries". The conflict has no clear fronts, with clashes taking place in many towns and cities across the country.

In July of the year 2012 a group of defected officers announced the formation of the Free Syrian Army (FSA), which would become the main opposition army. Composed of defected Syrian Armed Forces personnel and civilian volunteers, the rebel army seeks to remove Bashar al-Assad and his secular government from power.

In August the Syrian National Council, a coalition of anti-government groups, was formed. It is the group, based in Turkey, attempted to organize the opposition.

November was the point of conflict escalation. It was marked by increasing rebel attacks, as opposition forces grew in number.

The Arab League, United States, European Union, Arab Gulf States and other countries have condemned the use of violence against the protesters. China and the Russia have opposed attempts to agree to a UN resolution condemning president Bashar al-Assad's actions, and opposed sanctions, considering that such methods could escalate into a foreign military intervention. The Arab League suspended Syria's membership because of the government's response to the crisis, but sent an observer mission in December 2011, as part of its proposal for peaceful resolution of the crisis. A further attempt to resolve the crisis was made through the appointment of Kofi Annan as a special envoy. He developed a six-point plan for peace, but this plan failed. In August he resigned as U.N. and Arab League joint special envoy to Syria, citing the intransigence of both the Assad government and the rebels, as well as the stalemate on the Security Council as preventing any peaceful resolution of the situation.  He also stated that the lack of international unity and ineffective diplomacy among the world leaders has made the peaceful resolution in Syria an impossible task.

Observing the escalation of the Syrian conflict, the impression that it is a theatrical performance creeps in. The military struggle flashed out too suddenly and too fast. Moreover, the scenario is too familiar to Libyan one.

Of course, there were enough prerequisites for the revolution process for example ethnic and religious contradictions (long-lasting confrontation of Sunnites and Shiahs), the Arab spring, the world economic crisis and economic, political and social problems of Syria itself. But Russian experts that visited Damascus in spring of 2012, before the parliamentary elections, noted rather peaceful situation it the city. People were inspired by the first democratic elections after forty years of political stagnation. Nothing foretokened the trouble like this. The government could well resolve all problems step by step if the situation had not been stirred up by external interested forces. In favour of opposition forces mercenaries from eighteen countries fight, among them are Saudis, Libyans, Tunisians, Egyptians, Afghans etc. Most of them are members of Al-Qaeda. The USA and Saudi Arabia provide the rebels with armament and money.

But the world community has already failed concerning Libya. When it came to after exulting overthrow and murder of Gaddafi, some countries nevertheless understood that they made a blunder. Drew conclusions. And now they try to constrain the eagerness of NATO Cerberuses to help Syrians to obtain freedom, freedom to die and live in permanent chaos, while Uncle Sam and his suite drain money and oil from their country.